A primate (/ ˈ p r aɪ m eɪ t / ( listen) pry-mayt) is a mammal of the order primatesin taxonomy, primates include two distinct lineages, strepsirrhines and haplorhinesprimates arose from ancestors that lived in the trees of tropical forests many primate characteristics represent adaptations to life in this challenging environment. Below is the uncorrected machine-read text of this chapter, intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text of each book. Gibbons do a special type of suspensory travel they brachiate bipedalism: examples are us also chimps and spider monkeys do it mostly they bipdedal (if that's a word) for shorter distances or when carrying something, but don't use it as their primary mode of movement. Gibbons did not differentiate until relatively late in hominoid evolution, about the same time as the african ape and human clade, but while there is a good fossil record for early humans there is almost none for the great apes. White-handed gibbons are largely frugivorous animals, eating ripe fruit from woody climbers and tropical trees (whitington and treesucon, 1991) (savini et al, 2009) they also eat leafy plants, flowers, and insects, and are very selective feeders when it comes to fruit consumption.
Gibbons and orangutans use a means of locomotion known as brachiation, in which they use their arms to swing effortlessly from branch to branch of the tropical rainforest canopy neither gibbons nor orangutans have tails to assist them with locomation. Apes are found in africa and asia, no apes or ape fossils have been found in north or south america diagram a timeline for the evolution of primates starting 55 mya the gibbons split off from the basic ape line about 15 mya. Tropical rainforest animal adaptation facts many animals of the rainforest are camouflaged which aids them in avoiding predators an example of this is the south american three-toed sloth.
The fruit is tremendously popular among central americans and a favorite of rainforest mammals like howler monkeys, kinkajous, tapirs, peccaries, and bats bats, like the yellow epauletted bat and the seba's short-tailed bat, pollinate the tree while drinking nectar produced by its flowers. Notable small primate species of the rainforests also include langurs, capuchin monkeys, howler monkeys, gibbons and leaf monkeys great ape species include gorillas and orangutans other mammals in the rainforest include sloths, coati, rodents, bats, peccaries and flying squirrels. The evolution of gibbons the earliest-known primates date from about 70 million years ago (macdonald, 1985) the greater apes (family pongidae, gorillas, chimpanzees, bonobos, and orangutans) split off from the lesser apes (family hylobatidae, gibbons and siamangs ) 20 million years ago. These early nocturnal primates were adapted to the fine branch niche of the tropical rainforest by having an even more expanded visual system that mediated visually guided reaching and grasping of insects, small vertebrates, and fruits.
The tropical rain forest is the most diverse biome on earth it is full of some of the most interesting plants and animals on this earth from frogs that can kill just from touching them to adorable cats that can walk down trees upside down. Plant adaptations 1 bark in drier, temperate deciduous forests a thick bark helps to limit moisture evaporation from the tree's trunk since this is not a concern in the high humidity of tropical rainforests, most trees have a thin, smooth bark. Tropical rainforest biome the first thing you'll notice when you visit a tropical rainforest is the abundance of plants, both in shear biomass and total biodiversity plants thrive when the yearly average temperature and precipitation, in the form of tropical rains, is high. There are many rivers and streams southeast asian rainforest adaptation: grows very tall to reach the sunlight through the thick canopy adaptation: ten feet long, thick roots to soak up lots of water very fast for photosynthesis adaptation: covered in green mosses to blend into the ground so they do not become an animal's meal. Since these primates have evolved in the rainforests, they have very simple stomachs which can easily digest fruits, seeds and insects this adaptation has helped them be a habitat specialist of the tropical rainforest, where these are available throughout the year.
Howler monkeys have beards and long, thick hair which may be black, brown, or red the red howler species is the most common, but it is often targeted by hunters eager for bushmeat. Tropical rainforest this amazing biome only covers six percent of the world, yet it holds one half of all the worlds species of animals not only does it have lots of animals, it has lots of trees and plants too. Abstract studying the structure and patterns of vocalizations in primates is important to understand their evolution, responses to changing environments, and social behavior, and to design efficient vocalization-based survey techniques.
Abstract traditionally, the morphological traits of primates were assumed to be adaptations to an arboreal way of life however, cartmill  pointed out that a number of morphological traits characteristic of primates are not found in many other arboreal mammals. A rainforest has plenty of water for this plant to grow it physically adapts to its environment by growing tall fast so it gets a lot of rain and sunlight bambusa tulda is mainly used by the indian paper pulping industry. Primates are iconic examples of tropical rainforests and of the diversity between different regional tropical rainforests primates are a group of animals that include humans, great apes, and monkeys. These are primarily terrestrial monkeys, and they move with long arms to forage on the ground for fruits, roots, and animals such as insects, reptiles, and amphibians.